Scaphomorphus

genus Scaphomorphus Motschulsky, 1860: c. 541 type species Curculio vibex Pallas, 1781
      Cleonidius Casey, 1891: 186 type species Cleonis vittatus Kirby, 1837 (= Lixus poricollis Mannerheim, 1843)
      Lixestus Reitter, 1916: 89 type species Curculio vibex Pallas, 1781
      Scaphidomorphus Lacordaire, 1863: 439 [unnecessary emendation, Homonym]

acutipennis Roelofs, 1873: 182 (Cleonus) !  TL: “Japon”  ASIA: CN(BJ6,@ FJ# GS7 HB6,7 HE7,@ HL6,7,@ HN7 JL6,7,@ JS7,@ LN6,7,@ SC7 SD@ SH6,@ SN7 SX6,7,@ ZJ6,7,@) JP* KP6,8 KR3,6 RU#
basalis Fall, 1897: 242 (CleonusTL: “S. Clemente” NAM: MX10 US(CA*)
      americanus, Csiki, 1934: 64 (Cleonus) [unnecessary replacement name]
boucardi Chevrolat, 1873: 79 (Apleurus) !  TL: “Puebla”  NAM: HN1 MX* US(AZ1 CA1 CO& KS1 NE10 NM10 TX1)
      carinicollis LeConte, 1876: 152 (Cleonus)  TL: “Colorado”  NAM: US(CO*)
      lecontei Casey, 1891: 190 (Cleonus)  TL: “Arizona”  NAM: US(AZ*)
      lecontellus Csiki, 1934: 64 (Cleonus) [Unnecessary replacement name]
calandroides Randall, 1838: 42 (Lixus)  TL: “Chelsey Beach”  NAM: CA1 US(CT1 MA* NH# NY1 RI1)
canescens LeConte, 1876a: 151 (Cleonus)  TL: “Colorado”  NAM: US(AZ1 CO* ID1 KS1 NE1 NM1,# OK1 TX1 UT1,§ WY1)
      coloradensis Csiki, 1934: 64 (Cleonus) [unnecessary replacement name]
      grandirostris Casey, 1891: 189 (Cleonidius)  TL: “New Mexico”  NAM: US(NM*)
collaris LeConte 1876: 149 (Cleonus)  TL: “Colorado”  NAM: US(CO* KS1 NM1 WY1)
erysimi Fall, 1901: 261 (Cleonus)  TL: “Redondo, CA” NAM: CA1 US(AZ1 CA* CO1 ID1 MT1 NM1 NV1 OR1 UT1 WA1
eustictorrhinus Anderson, 1987: 502 (CleonidiusTL: “Sacramento, AZ”  NAM: US(CA*)
frontalis LeConte 1876: 150 (Cleonus)  TL: “Black Hills, SD” NAM: CA1 MX1 US(AZ1 CA1,# CO1 ID1 KS1 MT1 ND£ NE1 NV# OR10 SD* TX1 UT1 WA1 WY1)
      sparsus LeConte, 1876: 152 (Cleonus) [Homonym]  TL: “Colorado”  NAM: US(CO*)
      stratus Csiki, 1934: 65 (Cleonus) (replacement name)
foveolaticollis Ter-Minasyan, 1972a: 245 (LixusTL: “Bajanchongor Ajmak”  ASIA: KG# MN* TD#
infrequens Anderson, 1987: 520 (Cleonidius)  TL: “Scott City, KS”  NAM: MX* US(KS* NM* TX*)
longinasus Anderson, 1987: 508 (Cleonidius) [replacement name]  TL: “Colorado”  NAM: CA1 US(CA1 CO* ID1 MT1 OR1 WA1 WY1)
      mixtus LeConte, 1876: 416 (Lixus) [Homonym]
microlepis Ter-Minasyan, 1972b: 542 (Lixus)  TL: Ubsu-Nurskij Ajmak” ASIA: MN*
notolomus Anderson, 1987: 52 (Cleonidius)  TL: Grant Co., NM”  NAM: MX* US(AZ* NM* TX* UT*)
pacificus Fall, 1901: 260 (Cleonus)  TL: “Redondo, CA”  NAM: US(CA*)
      placidus Csiki, 1934: 65 (Cleonus) [Unnecessary replacement name]
pallasi Faust, 1890: 467 (Lixus)  TL: “Ordoss”  ASIA: CN(NM*) IR4 MN4,9 RU2
      nigrolineatus Voss, 1967: 299 (Lixus)  TL “Südgobi Ajmak”  ASIA: MN*
pleuralis LeConte, 1858: 78 (Lixus)  “Colorado River, CA”  NAM: CA10 MX10,# US(AZ1,§ CA* NM1 NV1 OR10 TX1 UT1)
poricollis Mannerheim, 1843: 291 (Lixus)  TL: “California”  NAM: CA1,10,# MX1,10 US(AZ1,# CA* CO1 ID1 MN1 MT1,# NM1,# ND1 NV1 OR1 UT1 TX1 WA1 WY1)
      kirbyi Casey, 1891: 188 (Cleonus)  NAM: CA*
      lobigerinus Casey, 1891: 191 (Cleonus)  TL: “Peach Springs, AZ”  NAM: US(AZ*)
      virgatus LeConte, 1876: 150 (Cleonus)  TL: “Victoria”  NAM: US(CA*)
      vittatus Kirby, 1837: 199 (Cleonis) [Homonym]  TL: “Nordamerica”  NAM
puberulus LeConte, 1876: 151 (Cleonus)  TL: “Nevada” [doubt, possibly NE1]  NAM: CA US(CO1 KS1 MT1 NV*? WY1)
quadrilineatus Chevrolat, 1873: 80 (Apleurus)  TL: “Texas”  NAM: CA10 MX1 US(AZ1,# CA1 CO1 KS1 NE1 NM1 NV1 OK1 SD10,# TX* UT§ WA10)
subcylindricus Casey, 1891: 193 (Cleonus)  TL: “Florida”  NAM: US(FL* GA& NY1 VA1)
      graniferus Casey, 1891: 194 (Cleonus)  TL: “Georgia”  NAM: US(GA*)
      lupinus Blatchley, 1914: 248 (Lixus)  TL: “Dunedin, FL”  NAM: US(FL*)
texanus LeConte, 1876: 155 (Lixus)  TL: “Texas”  NAM: MX US(AZ1 CA1,§ CO1 ID1 OR1 TX* UT1)
      circumductus Casey, 1891: 192 (Cleonus)  TL “Arizona”  NAM: US(AZ*)
trivittatus Say, 1831: 10 (Cleonus)  TL: “Colorado” (neotype); “Arkansaw, Rocky mountains” (description)  NAM: CA1 MX10 US(AZ1 CA1,# CO* ID1 KS1 MT1 ND1 NM1 SD1 NE1 NV1 TX1 UT1 WA1 WY1)
      bicarinatus Casey, 1891: 190 (Cleonus) [Homonym]  TL: “Austin, TX”  NAM:  US(TX*)
      inornatus LeConte, 1876: 149 (Cleonus)  TL: Owen’s Valley, CA”  NAM: US(CA*)
      praepotens Say, 1831: 21 (Rhynchophorus)  TL: “Arkansaw”  NAM: US (CO/AK*)
vibex Pallas, 1781: 32 (Curculio)  TL: “Selengam”  EUR: RU4  ASIA: "China"7 IR4,11 KZ5,11 MN9,# RU2,# TM& UZ 
      denudatus Zubkov, 1833: 336 (Lixus)  TL: “Côte orientale mer Caspienne”  ASIA
      karelini Boheman, 1835: 22 (Lixus)  TL: "Desertum Kirguisiae"  ASIA
      vibex scutellaris Petri, 1905: 103 (Lixus)  ASIA (no more precise indication)
vittiger Chevrolat, 1833: pl. 37 Fig. 10 (Lixus)  TL: “Krim” EUR: UA*

References: 1: Anderson R.S. 1988; 2: Legalov 2010; 3: Morimoto & Lee 1992; 4: Legalov & al. 2010; 5: Bajtenov 1974; 6: Hong & al. 2000; 7: Hua 2002; 8: Hong & Korotyaev 2002; 9: Ter-Minasyan 1972b; 10: O'Brien & Wibmer 1982; 11: Ter-Minasyan 1967; §: Entomological Museum of Lund University; @: IOZ; £: bugguide.net

REVISION, KEY: Anderson 1987

REFERENCES

Anderson R. S. 1987. Systematics, phylogeny and biogegraphy of the New World weevils traditionally of the tribe Cleonini (Coleoptera: Curculoinidae: Cleoninae). Quaestiones Entomologicae, 23: 431–709.

Anderson R. S. 1987. Systematics, phylogeny and biogegraphy of the New World weevils traditionally of the tribe Cleonini (Coleoptera: Curculoinidae: Cleoninae). Quaestiones Entomologicae, 23: 431–709.

Bajtenov M. S. 1974. Dzhuki-dolgonosiki (Coleoptera: Attelabidae, Curculionidae) Srednej Azii i Kazakhstana Illjustrirovannji Oprededelitel' Rodov i Katalog Vidov. Izdatelstvo "Nauka". Kazakhskoj SSR. Alma Ata. 286 pp.

Blatchley W.S. 1914. Notes on the winter and early spring Coleoptera of Florida with descriptions of new species. The Canadian Entomologist 46: 247–251.

Boheman C. H. 1835. [New taxa]. In: Schoenherr C. J. 1835. Genera et species Curculionidum, cum synoymia hujus familiae. Species novae aut hactenus minus cognitae, descriptionibus a Dom. Leonardo Gyllenhal, C. H. Boheman, et entomologis aliis illustratae. Tomus tertius. Pars prima Roret: Paris; Fleischer: Lipsiae, [6] + 505 pp.

Casey T. L. 1891. Coleopterological Notices. III. (continued). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 6 (2−4): 9−214.

Casey T. L. 1891. Coleopterological Notices. III. (continued). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 6 (2−4): 9−214.

Chevrolat L. A. A. 1833. [new taxa]. In: Guérin−Méneville F. E.: Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier, ou représentation d’après nature de l'une des espèces les plus remarquables, et souvent non encore figurées, de chaque genre d’animaux. Insectes. Paris: J. B. Bailliere, 576 pp, 51 pls.

Chevrolat L. A. A. 1873. Mémoire sur les Cléonides. Mémoires de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège. 2e série 5: i−viii + 1−118.

Csiki E. 1934. Curculionidae: Subfam. Cleoninae. In: Schenkling S. (ed.), Coleopterorum Catalogus auspiciis et auxilio W. Junk, vol. 134. Berlin: Junk. 152 pp.

Fall H. C. 1897. A list of the Coleoptera of the southern California Islands, with notes and descriptions of new species. The Canadian Entomologist 29: 233–244.

Fall H.C. 1901. List of the Coleoptera of southern California, with notes on habits and distribution and description of new species. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences 8: 1–282.

Faust J. 1890d. Insecta a Cl. G. N. Potanin in China et in Mongolia novissime lecta. XV. Curculionidae. Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae [Trudy Russkago Entomologicheskago Obshchestva] 24: 421−476.

Hong K. J., Egorov A. B., Korotyaev B. A. 2000. Illustrated Catalogue of Curculionidae in Korea. In: Park K.T. eds). Insects of Korea Series 5. Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology & Center for Insects Systematics. Korea. 340 pp.

Hong K.J. & Korotyaev B.A. 2002. On some species of Curculionidae (Coleoptera) from North Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 41 (3): 151–169.

Hua L. 2002. List of Chinese insects. Vol. II. Curculionidae: pp. 303–321. Zhongshan (Sub Yat-sen) University press, Guangzhou, China. 612 pp.

Kirby, W. 1837. Part the fourth and last. The insects. In: Richardson J. Fauna Boreali-Americana; or the zoology of the northern parts of British America: containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late Northern Land Expeditions, under command of Captain Sir John Franklin, R.N. xxxix + 325 pp.

Lacordaire M. T. 1863. Histoire naturelle des Insectes. Genera des Coléoptères ou Exposé méthodique et critique de tous les genres proposés jusq'ici dans cet ordre d'Insectes. Tome Sixième contenant la Famille des Curculionides. Paris: Roret. 638 pp.

LeConte J. L. 1858. Descriptions of new species of Coleoptera, chiefly collected by the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, under Major W.H. Emory, U.S.A. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 10:59-89.

LeConte J. L. 1876. Tribe IV. Cleonini. pp. 144-160. In: LeConte, J.L. and G.H. Horn. The Rhynchophora of America, north of Mexico. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 96 (15): i-xvi + 1-455.

Legalov A. A. 2010. Annotated checklist of species of superfamily Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) from Asian part of the Russia. Amurian Zoological Journal 2 (2): 93–132.

Mannerheim G. C. G. von 1843. Beitrag zur Kafer-Fauna der Aleutischen Inseln der Insel Sitkha und Neu-Californiens. Bulletin de la Societe Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 16 (2): 175–314.

Morimoto K., Lee C E. 1992. Curculionidae from Cheju Island, Korea, with descriptions of three new species (Insecta, Coleoptera). Esakia 32: 1–18.

Motschulsky V. de 1860. Coléoptères rapportés en 1859 par Sévertsef des Steppes méridionales des Kirghises, et énumérés par V. de Motschulsky. Bulletin de la classe physico−mathématique de l´Académie impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg 2 (8): col. 512−544.

O'Brien C. W., Wibmer G. J. 1982. Annotated checklist of the weevils (Curculionidae sensu lato) of North America, Central America, and the West Indies (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 34: 382 pp.

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Last updated on July 31, 2017

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Taxonomic name: 
Scaphomorphus (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Curculio (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Curculio (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Cleonis (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Lixus (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Lixus (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Cleonus (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Apleurus (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Apleurus (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Lecontellus (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Notolomus (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Rhynchophorus (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Cleonini (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Cleonini (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Cleoninae (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Attelabidae (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Curculionidae (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Curculionidae (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Curculionoidea (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Curculionites (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Lixini (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Anthonominae (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Magdalinae (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Hylobiinae (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Apionidae (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999 (amended)), Attelabidae (Oberprieler et al, 2007), Curculionidae (Oberprieler et al, 2007), Curculionoidea (Oberprieler et al, 2007), Curculio (Pest Weevils), Cleonis (Pest Weevils), Lixus (Pest Weevils), Rhynchophorus (Pest Weevils), Attelabidae (Pest Weevils), Curculionidae (Pest Weevils), Curculionoidea (Pest Weevils), Apionidae (Pest Weevils)
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith